GRPC Routing

The GRPCRoute resource allows users to configure gRPC routing by matching HTTP/2 traffic and forwarding it to backend gRPC servers. To learn more about gRPC routing, refer to the Gateway API documentation.

Prerequisites

Follow the steps from the Quickstart guide to install Envoy Gateway and the example manifest. Before proceeding, you should be able to query the example backend using HTTP.

Installation

Install the gRPC routing example resources:

kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/envoyproxy/gateway/latest/examples/kubernetes/grpc-routing.yaml

The manifest installs a GatewayClass, Gateway, a Deployment, a Service, and a GRPCRoute resource. The GatewayClass is a cluster-scoped resource that represents a class of Gateways that can be instantiated.

Note: Envoy Gateway is configured by default to manage a GatewayClass with controllerName: gateway.envoyproxy.io/gatewayclass-controller.

Verification

Check the status of the GatewayClass:

kubectl get gc --selector=example=grpc-routing

The status should reflect “Accepted=True”, indicating Envoy Gateway is managing the GatewayClass.

A Gateway represents configuration of infrastructure. When a Gateway is created, Envoy proxy infrastructure is provisioned or configured by Envoy Gateway. The gatewayClassName defines the name of a GatewayClass used by this Gateway. Check the status of the Gateway:

kubectl get gateways --selector=example=grpc-routing

The status should reflect “Ready=True”, indicating the Envoy proxy infrastructure has been provisioned. The status also provides the address of the Gateway. This address is used later in the guide to test connectivity to proxied backend services.

Check the status of the GRPCRoute:

kubectl get grpcroutes --selector=example=grpc-routing -o yaml

The status for the GRPCRoute should surface “Accepted=True” and a parentRef that references the example Gateway. The example-route matches any traffic for “grpc-example.com” and forwards it to the “yages” Service.

Testing the Configuration

Before testing GRPC routing to the yages backend, get the Gateway’s address.

export GATEWAY_HOST=$(kubectl get gateway/example-gateway -o jsonpath='{.status.addresses[0].value}')

Test GRPC routing to the yages backend using the grpcurl command.

grpcurl -plaintext -authority=grpc-example.com ${GATEWAY_HOST}:80 yages.Echo/Ping

You should see the below response

{
  "text": "pong"
}

Envoy Gateway also supports gRPC-Web requests for this configuration. The below curl command can be used to send a grpc-Web request with over HTTP/2. You should receive the same response seen in the previous command.

The data in the body AAAAAAA= is a base64 encoded representation of an empty message (data length 0) that the Ping RPC accepts.

curl --http2-prior-knowledge -s ${GATEWAY_HOST}:80/yages.Echo/Ping -H 'Host: grpc-example.com'   -H 'Content-Type: application/grpc-web-text'   -H 'Accept: application/grpc-web-text' -XPOST -d'AAAAAAA=' | base64 -d

GRPCRoute Match

The matches field can be used to restrict the route to a specific set of requests based on GRPC’s service and/or method names. It supports two match types: Exact and RegularExpression.

Exact

Exact match is the default match type.

The following example shows how to match a request based on the service and method names for grpc.reflection.v1alpha.ServerReflection/ServerReflectionInfo, as well as a match for all services with a method name Ping which matches yages.Echo/Ping in our deployment.

cat <<EOF | kubectl apply -f -
apiVersion: gateway.networking.k8s.io/v1alpha2
kind: GRPCRoute
metadata:
  name: yages
  labels:
    example: grpc-routing
spec:
  parentRefs:
    - name: example-gateway
  hostnames:
    - "grpc-example.com"
  rules:
    - matches:
      - method:
          method: ServerReflectionInfo
          service: grpc.reflection.v1alpha.ServerReflection
      - method:
          method: Ping
      backendRefs:
        - group: ""
          kind: Service
          name: yages
          port: 9000
          weight: 1
EOF

Verify the GRPCRoute status:

kubectl get grpcroutes --selector=example=grpc-routing -o yaml

Test GRPC routing to the yages backend using the grpcurl command.

grpcurl -plaintext -authority=grpc-example.com ${GATEWAY_HOST}:80 yages.Echo/Ping

RegularExpression

The following example shows how to match a request based on the service and method names with match type RegularExpression. It matches all the services and methods with pattern /.*.Echo/Pin.+, which matches yages.Echo/Ping in our deployment.

cat <<EOF | kubectl apply -f -
apiVersion: gateway.networking.k8s.io/v1alpha2
kind: GRPCRoute
metadata:
  name: yages
  labels:
    example: grpc-routing
spec:
  parentRefs:
    - name: example-gateway
  hostnames:
    - "grpc-example.com"
  rules:
    - matches:
      - method:
          method: ServerReflectionInfo
          service: grpc.reflection.v1alpha.ServerReflection
      - method:
          method: "Pin.+"
          service: ".*.Echo"
          type: RegularExpression
      backendRefs:
        - group: ""
          kind: Service
          name: yages
          port: 9000
          weight: 1
EOF

Verify the GRPCRoute status:

kubectl get grpcroutes --selector=example=grpc-routing -o yaml

Test GRPC routing to the yages backend using the grpcurl command.

grpcurl -plaintext -authority=grpc-example.com ${GATEWAY_HOST}:80 yages.Echo/Ping

Last modified May 25, 2024: fix api wording (#3467) (5bc5e0f)