TLS Passthrough

This guide will walk through the steps required to configure TLS Passthrough via Envoy Gateway. Unlike configuring Secure Gateways, where the Gateway terminates the client TLS connection, TLS Passthrough allows the application itself to terminate the TLS connection, while the Gateway routes the requests to the application based on SNI headers.

Prerequisites

  • OpenSSL to generate TLS assets.

Installation

Follow the steps from the Quickstart Guide to install Envoy Gateway and the example manifest. Before proceeding, you should be able to query the example backend using HTTP.

TLS Certificates

Generate the certificates and keys used by the Service to terminate client TLS connections. For the application, we’ll deploy a sample echoserver app, with the certificates loaded in the application Pod.

Note: These certificates will not be used by the Gateway, but will remain in the application scope.

Create a root certificate and private key to sign certificates:

openssl req -x509 -sha256 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -subj '/O=example Inc./CN=example.com' -keyout example.com.key -out example.com.crt

Create a certificate and a private key for passthrough.example.com:

openssl req -out passthrough.example.com.csr -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout passthrough.example.com.key -subj "/CN=passthrough.example.com/O=some organization"
openssl x509 -req -sha256 -days 365 -CA example.com.crt -CAkey example.com.key -set_serial 0 -in passthrough.example.com.csr -out passthrough.example.com.crt

Store the cert/keys in A Secret:

kubectl create secret tls server-certs --key=passthrough.example.com.key --cert=passthrough.example.com.crt

Deployment

Deploy TLS Passthrough application Deployment, Service and TLSRoute:

kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/envoyproxy/gateway/v0.4.0/examples/kubernetes/tls-passthrough.yaml

Patch the Gateway from the Quickstart guide to include a TLS listener that listens on port 6443 and is configured for TLS mode Passthrough:

kubectl patch gateway eg --type=json --patch '[{
   "op": "add",
   "path": "/spec/listeners/-",
   "value": {
      "name": "tls",
      "protocol": "TLS",
      "hostname": "passthrough.example.com",
      "tls": {"mode": "Passthrough"}, 
      "port": 6443,
    },
}]'

Testing

Clusters without External LoadBalancer Support

Get the name of the Envoy service created the by the example Gateway:

export ENVOY_SERVICE=$(kubectl get svc -n envoy-gateway-system --selector=gateway.envoyproxy.io/owning-gateway-namespace=default,gateway.envoyproxy.io/owning-gateway-name=eg -o jsonpath='{.items[0].metadata.name}')

Port forward to the Envoy service:

kubectl -n envoy-gateway-system port-forward service/${ENVOY_SERVICE} 6043:6443 &

Curl the example app through Envoy proxy:

curl -v --resolve "passthrough.example.com:6043:127.0.0.1" https://passthrough.example.com:6043 \
--cacert passthrough.example.com.crt

Clusters with External LoadBalancer Support

You can also test the same functionality by sending traffic to the External IP of the Gateway:

export GATEWAY_HOST=$(kubectl get gateway/eg -o jsonpath='{.status.addresses[0].value}')

Curl the example app through the Gateway, e.g. Envoy proxy:

curl -v -HHost:passthrough.example.com --resolve "passthrough.example.com:6443:${GATEWAY_HOST}" \
--cacert example.com.crt https://passthrough.example.com:6443/get

Clean-Up

Follow the steps from the Quickstart Guide to uninstall Envoy Gateway and the example manifest.

Delete the Secret:

kubectl delete secret/server-certs

Next Steps

Checkout the Developer Guide to get involved in the project.


Last modified December 7, 2023: feat: support docs preview (#2278) (8f003cd)