GRPC Routing

The GRPCRoute resource allows users to configure gRPC routing by matching HTTP/2 traffic and forwarding it to backend gRPC servers. To learn more about gRPC routing, refer to the Gateway API documentation.


Install Envoy Gateway:

kubectl apply -f

Wait for Envoy Gateway to become available:

kubectl wait --timeout=5m -n envoy-gateway-system deployment/envoy-gateway --for=condition=Available


Install the gRPC routing example resources:

kubectl apply -f

The manifest installs a GatewayClass, Gateway, a Deployment, a Service, and a GRPCRoute resource. The GatewayClass is a cluster-scoped resource that represents a class of Gateways that can be instantiated.

Note: Envoy Gateway is configured by default to manage a GatewayClass with controllerName:


Check the status of the GatewayClass:

kubectl get gc --selector=example=grpc-routing

The status should reflect “Accepted=True”, indicating Envoy Gateway is managing the GatewayClass.

A Gateway represents configuration of infrastructure. When a Gateway is created, Envoy proxy infrastructure is provisioned or configured by Envoy Gateway. The gatewayClassName defines the name of a GatewayClass used by this Gateway. Check the status of the Gateway:

kubectl get gateways --selector=example=grpc-routing

The status should reflect “Ready=True”, indicating the Envoy proxy infrastructure has been provisioned. The status also provides the address of the Gateway. This address is used later in the guide to test connectivity to proxied backend services.

Check the status of the GRPCRoute:

kubectl get grpcroutes --selector=example=grpc-routing -o yaml

The status for the GRPCRoute should surface “Accepted=True” and a parentRef that references the example Gateway. The example-route matches any traffic for “” and forwards it to the “yages” Service.

Testing the Configuration

Before testing GRPC routing to the yages backend, get the Gateway’s address.

export GATEWAY_HOST=$(kubectl get gateway/example-gateway -o jsonpath='{.status.addresses[0].value}')

Test GRPC routing to the yages backend using the grpcurl command.

grpcurl -plaintext ${GATEWAY_HOST}:80 yages.Echo/Ping

You should see the below response

  "text": "pong"

Envoy Gateway also supports gRPC-Web requests for this configuration. The below curl command can be used to send a grpc-Web request with over HTTP/2. You should receive the same response seen in the previous command.

curl --http2-prior-knowledge -s ${GATEWAY_HOST}:80/yages.Echo/Ping -H 'Host:'   -H 'Content-Type: application/grpc-web-text'   -H 'Accept: application/grpc-web-text' -XPOST -d'AAAAAAA=' | base64 -d