HTTP3

This task will help you get started using HTTP3 using EG. This task uses a self-signed CA, so it should be used for testing and demonstration purposes only.

Prerequisites

  • OpenSSL to generate TLS assets.

Installation

Follow the steps from the Quickstart to install Envoy Gateway and the example manifest. Before proceeding, you should be able to query the example backend using HTTP.

TLS Certificates

Generate the certificates and keys used by the Gateway to terminate client TLS connections.

Create a root certificate and private key to sign certificates:

openssl req -x509 -sha256 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -subj '/O=example Inc./CN=example.com' -keyout example.com.key -out example.com.crt

Create a certificate and a private key for www.example.com:

openssl req -out www.example.com.csr -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout www.example.com.key -subj "/CN=www.example.com/O=example organization"
openssl x509 -req -days 365 -CA example.com.crt -CAkey example.com.key -set_serial 0 -in www.example.com.csr -out www.example.com.crt

Store the cert/key in a Secret:

kubectl create secret tls example-cert --key=www.example.com.key --cert=www.example.com.crt

Update the Gateway from the Quickstart to include an HTTPS listener that listens on port 443 and references the example-cert Secret:

kubectl patch gateway eg --type=json --patch '
  - op: add
    path: /spec/listeners/-
    value:
      name: https
      protocol: HTTPS
      port: 443
      tls:
        mode: Terminate
        certificateRefs:
        - kind: Secret
          group: ""
          name: example-cert
  '

Apply the following ClientTrafficPolicy to enable HTTP3

cat <<EOF | kubectl apply -f -
apiVersion: gateway.envoyproxy.io/v1alpha1
kind: ClientTrafficPolicy
metadata:
  name: enable-http3
spec:
  http3: {}
  targetRef:
    group: gateway.networking.k8s.io
    kind: Gateway
    name: eg
    namespace: default
EOF

Save and apply the following resource to your cluster:

---
apiVersion: gateway.envoyproxy.io/v1alpha1
kind: ClientTrafficPolicy
metadata:
  name: enable-http3
spec:
  http3: {}
  targetRef:
    group: gateway.networking.k8s.io
    kind: Gateway
    name: eg
    namespace: default

Verify the Gateway status:

kubectl get gateway/eg -o yaml

Testing

Get the External IP of the Gateway:

export GATEWAY_HOST=$(kubectl get gateway/eg -o jsonpath='{.status.addresses[0].value}')

Query the example app through the Gateway:

The below example uses a custom docker image with custom curl binary with built-in http3.

docker run --net=host --rm ghcr.io/macbre/curl-http3 curl -kv --http3 -HHost:www.example.com --resolve "www.example.com:443:${GATEWAY_HOST}" https://www.example.com/get

It is not possible at the moment to port-forward UDP protocol in kubernetes service check out https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/issues/47862. Hence we need external loadbalancer to test this feature out.